Do Bigha Zamin
Balraj Sahni and Bimal Roy join forces to make this the most moving and memorable film. Shambhu Mahato (Balraj Sahni) is a poor farmer who is obliged to go with his young son to Calcutta to make money in order to save his land from a greedy and dishonest landlord. Their two-acre farmland where they live is in danger of being taken over by a local zamindar (feudal lord) for failure to pay for mounting debits. They move to Calcutta where the father tries making a living as a rickshaw puller while his wife joins him but falls ill which threatens everything they have going to try to save their ancestral home. His son also assists him by polishing shoes. The climax unfolds as Shambu attempts to survive in Calcutta and his attempts to earn and repay his loan amount. Balraj Sahni's gives a simply towering performance in this film. Brilliantly directed, beautifully photographed and superbly acted by the entire cast, this film also, was the recipient of a Special Mention at Cannes Film Festival in 1954 as well as winner of the Special Progress Award at Karlovy Vary and both Best Film and Best Director awards at the very first Filmfare Awards.